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Geographic indications, as defined by the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights ("TRIPS Agreement"), are "indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member or region or locality in that territory where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographical origin."

While the general concept of protecting geographically-significant products from competition has existed for centuries, the protection provided to geographic indications varies significantly, both between countries and according to the product being protected.

Since the protection of foodstuffs in both Europe and America is a less settled area of law than the protection of wines and spirits, this Note will explore the different protection and enforcement of geographic indications of foodstuffs in the European Union and the United States.

Publication Citation

11 Colum. J. Eur. L. 623 (2004-2005)