As COVID-19 vaccination rates in high-income countries increase, governments are proposing or implementing digital health passes (DHPs) (vaccine “passports” or “certificates”). Israel uses a “green pass” smartphone application permitting vaccinated individuals’ access to public venues (eg, gyms, hotels, entertainment). The European Union plans a “Digital Green Certificate” enabling free travel within the bloc (see eTable in the Supplement). New York is piloting an IBM “Excelsior Pass,” confirming vaccination or negative SARS-CoV-2 test status through confidential data transfers to fast-track business reopenings. This paper examines the benefits of DHPs, scientific challenges, and whether they are lawful and ethical.
The Journal of the American Medical Association, published online April 7, 2021, at E1-E2.
Scholarly Commons Citation
Gostin, Lawrence O.; Cohen, I. Glenn; and Shaw, Jana, "Digital Health Passes in the Age of COVID-19: Are “Vaccine Passports” Lawful and Ethical?" (2021). Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works. 2370.