Document Type

Book Review

Publication Date



Is the World Trade Organization (WTO) and its rules-based system capable of addressing the distortions in trade caused by the explosive growth of China’s State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs)? If it is, why hasn’t it been put to use? If the WTO rules are not up to task, where and how do they need to be changed? Those are the questions that Henry Gao and Weihuan Zhou answer in their thorough and compelling assessment of the current state of China’s SOEs, the commitments China made when it joined the WTO and the relevance of the applicable WTO rules, Between Market Economy and State Capitalism: China’s State-Owned Enterprises and the World Trading System.

The answers to those questions have taken on greater urgency in light of the Trump Administration’s view, now largely adopted by the Biden Administration, that if the WTO is incapable of addressing the United States’ concerns over China’s increasingly non-market, Communist Party-dominated economy, then the WTO is not sufficiently valuable to bother investing in or working hard to reform. The answers are all the more important in light of the increasingly accepted view that trade with China is unfair and damaging to the United States.

Publication Citation

Journal of International Economic Law, Forthcoming.