Document Type


Publication Date



The litigation campaign against segregation that culminated in Brown v. Board of Education' remains an important subject of study. Brown continues to be controversial because Americans remain uncertain about what its substantive commitments were, and, perhaps more important, how those commitments, as we now understand them, fit together with the other values and institutions that provide the structure of contemporary politics. This Essay will follow up on three aspects of the litigation campaign preceding Brown in an effort to show how Brown and its legacy illuminate enduring features of the organization of the U.S. political system.


Copyright 2004 by the Virginia Law Review Association; Reprinted by permission of the Virginia Law Review Association.

Publication Citation

90 Va. L. Rev. 1693-1720 (2004)

Included in

Litigation Commons