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Suppose a required course in a public high school taught transhumanism. The course covered topics such as how nanotechnology can improve brain functioning, and it took a positive, optimistic perspective on the possibility that we can become posthuman beings. Would such a course constitute an unconstitutional establishment of religion? The Malnak test and other sources suggest that the answer might be yes. From the perspective of a non-transhumanist, it seems that it would be honest and sensible for transhumanists to embrace the idea that they offer an alternative to traditional religions.