O'Neill Institute Papers

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Submissions from 2022

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Supreme Court Ruling on the Texas Abortion Law: Beginning to Unravel Roe v Wade, I. Glenn Cohen, Rebecca Reingold, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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At Long Last, WHO Member States Agree to Fix Its Financing Problem, Alexandra Finch, Kevin A. Klock, Eric A. Friedman, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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A New Architecture for Global Health Emergency Preparedness and Response—The Imperative of Equity, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Life After the COVID-19 Pandemic, Lawrence O. Gostin

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The Federal Global Migration and Quarantine Network: A Report From the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, Lawrence O. Gostin, Georges C. Benjamin, and Tequam Worku

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The US Supreme Court’s Rulings on Large Business and Health Care Worker Vaccine Mandates: Ramifications for the COVID-19 Response and the Future of Federal Public Health Protection, Lawrence O. Gostin, Wendy E. Parmet, and Sara Rosenbaum

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Risk Tradeoffs and Equitable Decision-Making in the COVID-19 Pandemic, Lawrence O. Gostin and Sarah A. Wetter

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The First 2 Years of COVID-19: Lessons to Improve Preparedness for the Next Pandemic, Jennifer B. Nuzzo and Lawrence O. Gostin

Submissions from 2021

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The Supreme Court, the Texas Abortion Law (SB8), and the Beginning of the End of Roe v Wade?, I. Glenn Cohen, Eli Y. Adashi, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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The battle for COVID-19 vaccines highlights the need for a new global governance mechanism, Anna Mia Ekström, Camilla Berggren, Göran Tomson, Lawrence O. Gostin, Peter Friberg, and Ole Petter Ottersen

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9 Steps to End COVID-19 and Prevent the Next Pandemic: Essential Outcomes From the World Health Assembly, Lawrence O. Gostin

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COVID-19 Vaccine Mandates—A Wider Freedom, Lawrence O. Gostin

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The Coronavirus Pandemic 1 Year On—What Went Wrong?, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Lockdowns, Quarantines, And Travel Restrictions, During COVID And Beyond: What’s The Law, And How Should We Decide?, Lawrence O. Gostin and Meryl Chertoff

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Digital Health Passes in the Age of COVID-19: Are “Vaccine Passports” Lawful and Ethical?, Lawrence O. Gostin, I. Glenn Cohen, and Jana Shaw

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How the Biden Administration Can Reinvigorate Global Health Security, Institutions, and Governance, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman, and Sarah A. Wetter

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An International Agreement on Pandemic Prevention and Preparedness, Lawrence O. Gostin, Sam F. Halabi, and Kevin A. Klock

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No Future but a Shared Future, Lawrence O. Gostin, Kevin A. Klock, Sam F. Halabi, Katie Gottschalk, and Katherine Ginsbach

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Developing an Innovative Pandemic Treaty to Advance Global Health Security, Lawrence O. Gostin, Benjamin Mason Meier, and Barbara Stocking

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Twenty Years After the Anthrax Terrorist Attacks of 2001: Lessons Learned and Unlearned for the COVID-19 Response, Lawrence O. Gostin and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

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Mandatory SARS-CoV-2 Vaccinations in K-12 Schools, Colleges/Universities, and Businesses, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jana Shaw, and Daniel A. Salmon

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Law, criminalisation and HIV in the world: have countries that criminalise achieved more or less successful pandemic response?, Matthew M. Kavanagh, Schadrac C. Agbla, Marissa Joy, Kashish Aneja, Mara Pillinger, Alaina Case, Ngozi A. Erondu, Taavi Erkkola, and Ellie Graeden

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Sharing Technology and Vaccine Doses to Address Global Vaccine Inequity and End the COVID-19 Pandemic, Matthew M. Kavanagh, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Madhavi Sunder

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Going Global, Acting Local: How an International Pandemic Convention Can Support Regional and Community Response, Kevin A. Klock, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Sam F. Halabi

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Pediatric COVID-19 Vaccines: What Parents, Practitioners, and Policy Makers Need to Know, William J. Moss, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

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Executive Action to Expand Health Services in the Biden Administration, Timothy M. Westmoreland, Maxwell Gregg Bloche, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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National focal points and implementation of the International Health Regulations, Kumanan Wilson, Sam F. Halabi, Helge Hollmeyer, Lawrence O. Gostin, David P. Fidler, Corinne Packer, Lindsay Wilson, and Ronald Labonté

Submissions from 2020

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The Equitable Distribution of COVID-19 Therapeutics and Vaccines, Thomas J. Bollyky, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Margaret A. Hamburg

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The Stellenbosch Consensus on the International Legal Obligation to Collaborate and Assist in Addressing Pandemics: Clarifying Article 44 of the International Health Regulations, Margherita Cinà, Steven J. Hoffman, Gian Luca Burci, Thana Cristina de Campos, Danwood Chirwa, Stéphanie Dagron, Mark Eccleston-Turner, Lisa Forman, Lawrence O. Gostin, Roojin Habibi, Benjamin Mason Meier, Stefania Negri, Gorik Ooms, Sharifah Sekalala, Allyn Taylor, and Alicia Ely Yamin

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Global Health with Justice: Controlling the Floodgates of the Upstream Determinants of Health through Evidence-Based Law, John Coggon and Lawrence O. Gostin

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Postscript: COVID-19 and the Legal Determinants of Health, John Coggon and Lawrence O. Gostin

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Digital Smartphone Tracking for COVID-19: Public Health and Civil Liberties in Tension, I. Glenn Cohen, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Daniel J. Weitzner

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When does a major outbreak become a Public Health Emergency of International Concern?, David N. Durrheim, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Keymanthri Moodley

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COVID-19 Reveals Urgent Need to Strengthen the World Health Organization, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Science, Leadership, and Public Trust in the COVID-19 Pandemic, Lawrence O. Gostin

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The Great Coronavirus Pandemic of 2020—7 Critical Lessons, Lawrence O. Gostin

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The Legal Determinants of Health: How Can We Achieve Universal Health Coverage and What Does it Mean?, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Universal Masking in the United States: The Role of Mandates, Health Education, and the CDC, Lawrence O. Gostin, I. Glenn Cohen, and Jeffrey P. Koplan

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The Shibboleth of Human Rights in Public Health, Lawrence O. Gostin, Tamira Daniely, Hanna E. Huffstetler, Caitlin R. Williams, and Benjamin Mason Meier

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Health Inequalities, Lawrence O. Gostin and Eric A. Friedman

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Imagining Global Health with Justice: Transformative Ideas for Health and Wellbeing While Leaving No One Behind, Lawrence O. Gostin and Eric A. Friedman

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Responding to COVID‐19: How to Navigate a Public Health Emergency Legally and Ethically, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman, and Sarah A. Wetter

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Reforming and Strengthening the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Five Key Reforms to Renew the Agency’s Stature and Effectiveness, Lawrence O. Gostin and Sandro Galea

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Has Global Health Law Risen to Meet the COVID-19 Challenge? Revisiting the International Health Regulations to Prepare for Future Threats, Lawrence O. Gostin, Roojin Habibi, and Benjamin Mason Meier

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Legal Interventions to Address US Reductions in Life Expectancy, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge, and Donna E. Levin

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Presidential Powers and Response to COVID-19, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge Jr., and Lindsay F. Wiley

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Facilitating Access to a COVID-19 Vaccine through Global Health Law, Lawrence O. Gostin, Safura Abdool Karim, and Benjamin Mason Meier

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Introduction: Global Health and Human Rights, Lawrence O. Gostin and Benjamin Mason Meier

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Health Policy in the Supreme Court and a New Conservative Majority, Lawrence O. Gostin, Wendy E. Parmet, and Sara Rosenbaum

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The Dual Epidemics of COVID-19 and Influenza: Vaccine Acceptance, Coverage, and Mandates, Lawrence O. Gostin and Daniel A. Salmon

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Mandating COVID-19 Vaccines, Lawrence O. Gostin, Daniel A. Salmon, and Heidi J. Larson

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A global health action agenda for the Biden administration, Lawrence O. Gostin, Donna E. Shalala, Margaret A. Hamburg, Barry R. Bloom, Jeffrey P. Koplan, Barbara K. Rimer, and Michelle A. Williams

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Using COVID-19 to Strengthen the WHO: Promoting Health and Science Above Politics, Lawrence O. Gostin and Sarah A. Wetter

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Governmental Public Health Powers During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Stay-at-home Orders, Business Closures, and Travel Restrictions, Lawrence O. Gostin and Lindsay F. Wiley

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Regulating Medicines in a Globalized World With Increased Recognition and Reliance Among Regulators: A National Academies Report, Lawrence O. Gostin, Alastair J. Wood, and Patricia A. Cuff

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The Stellenbosch Consensus on Legal National Responses to Public Health Risks: Clarifying Article 43 of the International Health Regulations, Roojin Habibi, Steven J. Hoffman, Gian Luca Burci, Thana Cristina de Campos, Danwood Chirwa, Margherita Cinà, Stéphanie Dagron, Mark Eccleston-Turner, Lisa Forman, Lawrence O. Gostin, Benjamin Mason Meier, Stefania Negri, Gorik Ooms, Sharifah Sekalala, Allyn Taylor, and Alicia Ely Yamin

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The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law: The Power of Law to Advance the Right to Health, Jenny Kaldor, Lawrence O. Gostin, John T. Monahan, and Katie Gottschalk

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Access to lifesaving medical resources for African countries: COVID-19 testing and response, ethics, and politics, Matthew M. Kavanagh, Ngozi A. Erondu, Oyewale Tomori, Victor J. Dzau, Emelda A. Okiro, Allan Maleche, Ifeyinwa C. Aniebo, Umunya Rugege, Charles B. Holmes, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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Tuberculosis, human rights, and law reform: Addressing the lack of progress in the global tuberculosis response, Matthew M. Kavanagh, Lawrence O. Gostin, and John Stephens

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How to Keep the United States in the WHO: Immediate Withdrawal Would Be a Global Health and a Legal Disaster, Harold Hongju Koh and Lawrence O. Gostin

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A Global Survey of Potential Acceptance of a COVID-19 Vaccine, Jeffrey V. Lazarus, Scott C. Ratzan, Adam Palayew, Lawrence O. Gostin, Heidi J. Larson, Kenneth Rabin, Spencer Kimball, and Ayman El-Mohandes

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The World Health Organization in Global Health Law, Benjamin Mason Meier, Allyn Taylor, Mark Eccleston-Turner, Roojin Habibi, Sharifah Sekalala, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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An Analysis of International Health Regulations Emergency Committees and Public Health Emergency of International Concern Designations, Lucia Mullen, Christina Potter, Lawrence O. Gostin, Anita Cicero, and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

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How Well Does Societal Mobility Restriction Help Control the COVID-19 Pandemic? Evidence from Real-Time Evaluation, Juhwan Oh, Hwa-Young Lee, Khuong Quynh Long, Jeffrey F. Markuns, Chris Bullen, Osvaldo Enrique Artaza Barrios, Seung-sik Hwang, Young Sahng Seo, Judith McCool, S. Patrick Kachur, Chang-Chung Chan, Soonman Kwon, Naoki Kondo, Hoang Van Minh, J. Robin Moon, Mikael Rostila, Ole F. Norheim, Myoungsoon You, Mellissa Withers, Mu Lil, Eun-Jeung Lee, Caroline Benski, Soo Kyung Park, Eun-Woo Nam, Katie Gottschalk, Matthew M. Kavanagh, Jong-Koo Lee, Martin McKee, S. V. Subramanian, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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The Value Proposition of the Global Health Security Index, Sanjana J. Ravi, Kelsey Lane Warmbrod, Lucia Mullen, Diane Meyer, Elizabeth Cameron, Jessica Bell, Priya Bapat, Michael Paterra, Catherine Machalaba, Indira Nath, Lawrence O. Gostin, Wilmot James, Dylan George, Simo Nikkari, Ernesto Gozzer, Oyewale Tomori, Issa Makumbi, and Jennifer B. Nuzzo

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Is It Lawful and Ethical to Prioritize Racial Minorities for COVID-19 Vaccines?, Harald Schmidt, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Michelle A. Williams

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Rationing Safe and Effective COVID-19 Vaccines: Allocating to States Proportionate to Population May Undermine Commitments to Mitigating Health Disparities, Harald Schmidt, Parag A. Pathak, Michelle A. Williams, Tayfun Sönmez, M. Utku Ünver, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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Equitable Allocation of COVID-19 Vaccines: An Analysis of the Initial Allocation Plans of CDC's Jurisdictions with Implications for Disparate Impact Monitoring, Harald Schmidt, Rebecca Weintraub, Michelle A. Williams, Alison Buttenheim, Emily Sadecki, Helen Wu, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Angela A. Shen

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Covid-19 Crisis Triage — Optimizing Health Outcomes and Disability Rights, Mildred Z. Solomon, Matthew K. Wynia, and Lawrence O. Gostin

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The International Health Regulations (2005), the threat of populism and the COVID-19 pandemic, Kumanan Wilson, Sam F. Halabi, and Lawrence O. Gostin

Submissions from 2019

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WHO Takes Action to Promote the Health of Refugees and Migrants, Lawrence O. Gostin, Ibrahim Abubakar, Ranieri Guerra, Sabina F. Rashid, Eric A. Friedman, and Zsuzsanna Jakab

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Wealthy Countries Should Share Vaccine Doses Before It Is Too Late: The Greater Good Depends on Ending the Pandemic Everywhere, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman, and Suerie Moon

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The Legal Determinants of Health: Harnessing the Power of Law for Global Health and Sustainable Development, Lawrence O. Gostin, John T. Monahan, Jenny Kaldor, Mary DeBartolo, Eric A. Friedman, Katie Gottschalk, Susan C. Kim, Ala Alwan, Agnes Binagwaho, Gian Luca Burci, Luisa Cabal, Katherine DeLand, Timothy Grant Evans, Eric Goosby, Sara Hossain, Howard Koh, Gorik Ooms, Mirta Roses Periago, Rodrigo Uprimny, and Alicia E. Yamin

Submissions from 2018

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Requiring Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination for School Entry, Michelle J. Bayefsky and Lawrence O. Gostin

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A Beautiful Life in a Vibrant Yet Vulnerable City, Lawrence O. Gostin

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China’s “New” Silk Road, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Language, Science, and Politics: The Politicization of Public Health, Lawrence O. Gostin

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New Ebola Outbreak in Africa Is a Major Test for the WHO, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Public Health Emergency Preparedness: Globalizing Risk, Localizing Threats, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Tackling Obesity and Disease: The Culprit Is Sugar; the Response Is Legal Regulation, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Health Data and Privacy in the Digital Era, Lawrence O. Gostin, Sam F. Halabi, and Kumanan Wilson

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Substantial Shifts in Supreme Court Health Law Jurisprudence, Lawrence O. Gostin and James G. Hodge

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Enforcing Federal Drug Laws in States Where Medical Marijuana Is Lawful, Lawrence O. Gostin, James G. Hodge, and Sarah A. Wetter

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Ebola and War in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Avoiding Failure and Thinking Ahead, Lawrence O. Gostin, Matthew M. Kavanagh, and Elizabeth Cameron

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Human Rights in Global Health Governance, Lawrence O. Gostin, Benjamin Mason Meier, and Hanna Huffstetler

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70 Years of Human Rights in Global Health: Drawing on a Contentious Past to Secure a Hopeful Future, Lawrence O. Gostin, Benjamin Mason Meier, Rebekah Thomas, Veronica Magar, and Tedros A. Ghebreyesus

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Lurching from Complacency to Panic in the Fight Against Dangerous Microbes: A Blueprint for a Common Secure Future, Lawrence O. Gostin and Katharina Ó Cathaoir

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Legal capacities required for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases, Roger S. Magnusson, Benn McGrady, Lawrence O. Gostin, David Patterson, and Hala Abou Taleb

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Banning Abortion in Cases of Down Syndrome: Important Lessons for Advances in Genetic Diagnosis, Rebecca Reingold and Lawrence O. Gostin

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Tapping the Power of Soda Taxes: A Call for Multidisciplinary Research and Broad-Based Advocacy Coalitions – A Response to the Recent Commentaries, Sarah A. Roache and Lawrence O. Gostin

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Big Food and Soda Versus Public Health: Industry Litigation Against Local Government Regulations to Promote Healthy Diets, Sarah A. Roache, Charles Platkin, Lawrence O. Gostin, and Cara Kaplan

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Missing: Where Are the Migrants in Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plans?, Kolitha Wickramage, Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman, Phusit Prakongsai, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, Charles Hui, Patrick Duigan, Eliana Barragan, and David R. Harper

Submissions from 2017

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2016: The Year of the Soda Tax, Lawrence O. Gostin

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“America First”: Prospects for Global Health, Lawrence O. Gostin

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"America's Health First": A Misnomer, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Best Evidence Aside: Why Trump's Executive Order Makes America Less Healthy, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Hunger, Health, and Compassion, Lawrence O. Gostin

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Our Shared Vulnerability to Dangerous Pathogens, Lawrence O. Gostin

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The “Great” Generation and a Not-So-Great Health System, Lawrence O. Gostin

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The World Health Organization’s Ninth Director-General: The Leadership of Tedros Adhanom, Lawrence O. Gostin