Document Type


Publication Date



Short Term Time Off (STO) refers to job-protected time away from the workplace to address anticipated or unexpected needs of limited duration. STO may be scheduled or unscheduled, depending on the underlying need. STO enables workers to address both the routine and emergency situations that occur in everyday life.

The need for STO may arise, for example, because a worker or worker’s child is sick or has a routine doctor’s appointment, because a worker has to wait for the plumber or apply for public benefits or go to court, or because a worker needs to attend a school conference or a religious event or finish a term paper. While all workers will need STO at some point, the need for STO is compounded by the changing demographics of our nation’s workforce.


Prepared on behalf of Workplace Flexibility 2010 by Anna Danziger and Shelley Waters Boots on behalf of the Urban Institute.